On Saturday June 14 at Evergreen Speedway KISW 99.9 presents the 21st Annual 60 Minutes of FEAR. This is one of the two major figure eight events each season. 60-minutes of continuous mayhem on the track with the ‘Planets Most Dangerous Intersection’ the fast and furious Evergreen Speedway Figure Eight. Also the 4-cylinder figure eight division, the Buzz Inn Steakhouse Stinger 8’s, will be challenged by the same intersection. In addition the Interstate Batteries Hornets and NW Vintage Modifieds will be in action. Racing starts at 6pm with spectator gates opening at 4pm for the ‘Rain or Shine’ racing at the ‘Super Speedway of the West’. Fans are protected from the elements under the covered grandstand at the Evergreen State Fairgrounds in Monroe, WA.
There are two races each season that the figure eight drivers look forward to, they are the 60-Minutes of FEAR and the Figure Eight Nationals in August. Each driver wants to add their name to the list of drivers that have won one of these major races. Last season’s 60-Minutes of FEAR winner Nick Gunderson will be back to defend. Previous winners expected are Mike Middleton 2011; Ricky Dietz 2010, 2007 & 1994; John Carlson 2008 & 2006; Steve Cox 2003, 2001, 2000 & 1998. Other past winners that may get back in a car for the big race are: Brian Gunderson 1995; Dave Brandenburg 1996; Steve Peters 2002; Don Eslick 2004 & 2012 and Greg Scott 2005 & 2009. Retired are the 1997 winner Ron Steltz and Ken Schukar 1999. There are many drivers that would like to join the past winners such as: Mike Steltz, Jake Repin, Pat Clark and Quenton Borreson. Another strong field is expected to contend for the big purse offered for this race.
Stinger 8 point leader and rookie Toby Jenkins has held the top position since the first race of the season. Two wins has kept him ahead of his nearest challenger Joselyn LaFleur with one win. In third is Jessica Gray also with one win. This highly competitive division is once again setting up for that final race of the season to decide who will be the 2014 Stinger 8 Division Champion.
Another tightly contested division is the Hornets. Last season second place in points lost the title by just 2-points. That driver leads this season’s point chase. Scott Hunt has 2-wins and leads Cody Hoopes and Zach Bristol. As with the Stinger 8’s, this division looks to be headed for another final night close finish to decide the division title holder.
The traveling NW Vintage Modifieds will be making their 2nd of three stops at Evergreen Speedway this season. They are always a fast and racey group in their older styled Open Wheeled Modifieds.
For more information and or tickets go to www.evergreenspeedway.com or call 360-805-6100.
The 2014 $100,000.00 Summer Showdown presented by Coors Light on June 27 & 28 at Evergreen Speedway is bringing over 50 of the country’s best Super Late Model Racers to the ‘Super Speedway of the West’ and has outstanding pricing for a race of this magnitude. The 2 day reserved combo is $50 but for a limited time by going online is $40. The reserved seats at the start finish line in sections D & E with seat backs is a fantastic deal. General admission is also a great value to watch the best of the best on the BIG track the 5/8-mile paved oval. Friday is $15 and Saturday is $25 for adults 12+ and youth 6-11 $10 each day and under 5 Free. The biggest purse in Super Late Model history at Evergreen Speedway and the biggest on the West Coast. Come see who will make the 200-lap race and who wins the $20,000.00 winner’s check.
Thursday June 26:
3:00 Back Gates Open
5:00 – 8:00: Open Practice (5/8-mile)
8:00: Chowdown (drivers and teams free food & drink)
Friday June 27:
1:00 – 4:00: Rotating Practice (SLM Summer Showdown – Mini-Stocks – Street Stocks)
4:30: Qualifying (5/8-mile) (Mini-Stocks, Street Stocks, SLM Showdown) (2-laps)
6:30: Opening Ceremonies
Mini-Stocks & Street Stocks Mains (30-laps each)
Summer Showdown Qualifying Heat Races (25-laps each) (number of heats as needed)
Post-Race: Chowdown (drivers and teams free food & drink)
Saturday June 28:
11:30 – 2:00: Rotating Practice (SLM Summer Showdown – Pro 4 Alliance)
2:30: Qualifying (5/8-mile) Pro 4 Alliance (2-laps)
4:00: Last Chance Qualifier Race(s) 50-Laps
Pro 4 Alliance Main 40-laps
Summer Showdown Cars Roll Out
6:30: (Approx.) Opening Ceremonies (Driver Intro – Don Scriver Fast Time Award $1,000.00 -
National Anthems as Drivers Buckle In)
Start Engines for Summer Showdown – 200-laps on 5/8-mile
(Tentative Schedule (Times and Schedules are subject to change))
Tickets can be obtained online or via phone. Go to www.evergreenspeedway.com/go/showdown
or call 360-805-6100. Save yourself time and money by getting your tickets to this record breaking event early.
The $100,000.00 Summer Showdown presented by Coors Light on June 27 & 28 at Evergreen Speedway in Monroe, WA a new record will be set. In the sixty year history of this fabled race track never before have more than two women started a Super Late Model race. That will possibly be broken with the potential of four women starting the 200-lap Summer Showdown. With over 50 cars from all over the US and Canada expected just making the Summer Showdown will be tough enough for male or female. The four women drivers are very capable of handling this tough assignment.
Molly Helmuth (Seattle, WA) a regular Super Late Model driver at Evergreen Speedway has the most track experience at her home track. In her third season of racing the big cars the petite young 19 year old has proven to be able to handle the car and the pressure of racing with the big boys. After racing karts in her early life she graduated to running in the Mini-Stock Division at Evergreen where she became a fan favorite at only 14 years old when she became Rookie of the Year. During her two year stint in the Mini-Stock she also traveled the Northwest in a Pro 4 Truck. Moving up to the Super Late Model Stock Cars in 2012 where she became the NASCAR State of Washington and Evergreen Speedway Rookie of the Year and was named one of NASCAR’s top 500 Late Model Drivers. Last season she finished 6th in the points out of 41 drivers in the Evergreen Speedway NASCAR Whelen All American Series Super Late Model Division. She started in the last two Summer Showdowns. More information about Molly at http://www.mollyhelmuth.com.
Jessica Dana (Olympia, WA) the 19-year old has the second most experience on the BIG track the 5/8-mile oval at Evergreen Speedway. She is also a two time entrant of the Summer Showdown. She started in Karting and quickly moved to Super Late Model Stock Cars at her home track South Sound Speedway. Jessica has beaten the best during her brief Karting career including NASCAR’s Jeff Gordon, Kenny Wallace, Travis Pastrana plus other top Karting drivers. With strong determination on and off the track Jessica has set lofty goals that she just may obtain. A strong run in the 2014 Summer Showdown will go a long ways towards obtaining them. More information about Jessica at http://www.jessicadanaracing.com
Mariah McGriff (Tucson, AZ) the 18 year old granddaughter of NASCAR Legend Hershel McGriff was born in Portland, OR. Mariah will be making her first trip to Evergreen Speedway as a Super Late Model driver. Her home track is NASCAR’s newest Home Track Tucson Speedway, the former Tucson Raceway Park. This being her first season in the big cars she is the Speedway’s Rookie of the Year and finished fourth in the standings. An honor roll student throughout her time in school is now attending college along with racing. She has helped maintain her grandpa’s K&N Pro Series West Car along with her own Super Late Model. Her life has been around racing in all different aspects starting with her Uncle Tex Powell founder/owner of Tex Racing Enterprises in North Carolina which maintains and builds transmissions for most NASCAR teams. Her aunt Debbie is married to Chuck Bown the 1990 NASCAR Busch Series Champion and drove a NASCAR Craftsman Truck and Cup Series Car for many years. Another Uncle, Doug McGriff was a racer in Oregon winning the Oregon Auto Racing Association Late Model Division Championship. Her dad, Hershel McGriff Junior, has won multiple races in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada and California and was the 1990 NASCAR Northwest Tour Rookie of the Year. Hershel Jr. opened a fabricating shop in 1982 named JR Industries where Mariah spent much of growing up years.
Her grandfather Hershel McGriff holds many records in his long NASCAR career and is in the NASCAR history books. Including the most wins (14) of any driver at the old Riverside Speedway in California. He was the 1986 NASCAR Winston West Series Champion (Now the K&N Pro Series West) and raced competitively until the age of 83. Hershel was also one NASCAR’s 50 best named to the top 50 Legends of NASCAR along with many other titles and racing history.
The whole family will be coming to Evergreen Speedway for Mariah’s debut where her Grandfather Hershel will be the honorary Grand Marshal of the 2014 Summer Showdown. More information about Mariah at http://mariahmcgriff.com
Nicole Behar (Otis Orchards, WA) is this youngest of the four at just 16-years old. Nicole started going fast at 2-years old on a snow mobile. An 11th grader at East Valley High in Spokane Valley. Her home track is Stateline Speedway in Post Falls, Idaho. She started in the Baby Grand Division quickly moving up to Fever Fours and on to 2,900 lb. Super Late Models. On her way to the top she won 6 karting championships including an IKF Region 6 Gold Cup Series. She broke the Stateline track record 5 times in the Fever Four Class. Moving to the Super Late Model in 2012 was no problem for the young lady winning her first race in her rookie year and became Rookie of the Year and finished runner-up in the points. Not satisfied with just running big races in the Northwest Nicole has also run some Modified events with great success. In 2013 Nicole was one of the 20 drivers selected to attend NASCAR Drive for Diversity Combine at Langley Speedway in Hampton, Virginia. Nicole in very short time has become a threat no matter what track she has raced at, even those that she has never been to before. Nicole will be making her first trip to the BIG track at Evergreen Speedway in this year’s Summer Showdown. More information about Nicole at http://www.nicolebehar.com
There is the potential of more women joining these four as entries are still coming in for the 2014 $100,000.00 Summer Showdown presented by Coors Light on June 27 & 28. The 200 lap race for Super Late Models has drawn nationwide attention with drivers from throughout the US and Canada entered for the $20,000.00 to win event. The national racing periodical Speedway Illustrated has named the Summer Showdown as one of six races in the country that you need to put on your must see bucket list.
For more information call 360-805-6100.
It was the 60th Anniversary Reunion Night at the Races on Saturday June 7 at Evergreen Speedway. The Genie Terex presented by NAPA Auto Parts 75 for the Speedway Chevrolet NASCAR Whelen All American Series Super Late Models presented by Emerald City Harley-Davidson of Lynnwood was won by Mike Holden. The Foster Press NASCAR Mini-Stock/Outlaw compact main was won by Scott Burby. Doug Wilkinson won the Outlaw Figure 8 Main and Lance O’Grain won the Buzz Inn Steakhouse feature. A big crowd with over 200 of the past racers and employees treated to a free night at the race track. The next 10 were added to the previous 50 Best Ever List and received a nice plaque to commemorate their being on the list of 60.
Mike Holden won his second of the season as he was able to grab the lead with an outside pass on Tom Moriarity who led the first 35 laps. Once Holden got the lead he never gave it up even after two double file restarts in the final stages of the 75-lap race. Shane Harding finished second in his old car, saving the new one for the Summer Showdown on June 27 & 28. Third went to Tom Moriarity, fourth went to Daniel Moore and fifth to Naima Lang. Nineteen cars showed for this special night. Next up for the Super Late Models is the $100,000.00 Summer Showdown presented by Coors Light on the BIG track June 27 & 28. This is the biggest payday for this type of race on the West Coast and ever at Evergreen Speedway. Over 50 cars are expected.
The Mini-Stock/Outlaw Compact main winner Scott Burby survived a spin and door hit to win his first this season. Having to go to the back after the incident Burby took very little time to get back to second. Staying on Bobby DeYoung’s bumper for a few laps. Suddenly DeYoung slowed and Burby grabbed the lead. DeYoung had a front tire that had gone flat and survived the final laps running on the rim to finish third behind Andrew Schukar who survived and airborne incident as he got together with Devin Kessler who finished fourth. Fifth position went to Eric Angeledes.
Getting his first win as an Outlaw Figure 8 driver Doug Wilkinson made a last lap last turn drive to get by Nick Gunderson. Gunderson finished second. Third place went Mike Steltz who led most of the race only to spin in traffic with a few laps to go in the 50-lap event. Fourth and fifth were Steve Cox and Zach Larson respectively. After the post-race inspection Wilkinson’s car was disqualified. Everyone is moved up a position with Gunderson the winner.
Former Stinger 8 champion Lance O’Grain drove the JJ Edwards car to victory. O’Grain showed that he has not lost his Stinger 8 ability that took him to the 2011 championship. Second went to point leader and rookie contender Toby Jenkins. Jason Wilson was third with Joselyn LaFleur fourth and Matt Somerville fifth.
Next up at Evergreen Speedway on Saturday June 14 is the Annual KISW 99.9 60 Minutes of FEAR for the Figure 8 cars. The Buzz Inn Steakhouse Stinger 8’s, Interstate Batteries Hornets and Vintage Modifieds are also in action. Racing starts at 6pm. For more information go to www.evergreenspeedway.com or call 360-805-6100.
Evergreen Speedway June 7 Official Finish:
Speedway Chevrolet NASCAR Whelen All American Series Super Late Models (75-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position-car #-name-laps completed): 1-32 Mike Holden 75; 2-39 Shane Harding 75; 3-12 Tom Moriarity 75; 4-16 Daniel Moore 75; 5-00 Naima Lang 75; 6-65 Tyler Tanner 75; 7-20 Andy Sole 75; 8-07 Jeff Knight 75; 9-75 Brandon Scheiber 75; 10-89 Doni Wanat 75; 11-26 Jason Kooy 75; 12-90 Molly Helmuth 75; 13-18 John Bender 74; 14-1 Shane Sawin 72; 15-9 Kelly Mann 34; 16-10 John Boyatt 19; 17-3 Brion Philley 8; 18-30 Tyler Baker 4; 19-09 Timothy Minister 1
Foster Press NASCAR mini-Stocks/Outlaw Compacts (30-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position-car #-name-laps completed): 1-41 Scott Burby 30; 2-07 Andrew Schukar 30; 3-65 Bobby DeYoung 30; 4-18 Devin Kessler 30; 5-05 Eric Angeledes 30; 6-55 Kenny McCoy 30; 7-18k AJ Verdugo 29; 8-27 Kyle Howry 29; 9-11x Kenny Schukar 29; 10-16 Travis Woodward 28; 11-44t Brian Taylor 19; 12-11c Chad Sinner 14; 13-5 Brad Thomas 13; 14-76 Mark Creager 13; 15-6 Drew Hawthorne 13; 16-24 Trenton Moriarity 13; 17-13 Douglas Hinds 13
Outlaw Figure 8’s (50-laps Figure 8) (position-car #-name-laps completed): 1-33 Nick Gunderson 50; 2-67 Mike Steltz 50; 3-7 Steve Cox 50; 4-83 Zach Larson 49; 5-74 Chris Curtis 49; 6-75 Mike Middleton 49; 7-17 Tommy Gapp 49; 8-50 John Carlson 44; 9-38 Chris Harrison 18; 10-76 Ricky Dietz 15; 11-45 Jake Repin 10; 12-55 Doug Wilkinson DQ’ed
Buzz Inn Steakhouse Stinger 8’s (30-laps Figure 8) (position-car #-name-laps completed): 1-84 Lance O’Grain 30; 2-11 Toby Jenkins 30; 3-50 Jason Wilson 30; 4-06 Joselyn LaFleur 30; 5-21 Matt Somerville 30; 6-04 Jessica Gray 29; 7-07 Zach Bristol 28; 8-13 Tyler Draper 27; 9-37 Robert Martin 26
On Saturday June 7 Evergreen Speedway will celebrate its 60th Anniversary. The Genie Terex presented by NAPA Auto Parts Reunion Night will feature the Speedway Chevrolet NASCAR Whelen All American Series Super Late Model 75 on the 3/8-mile oval plus the Outlaw Figure 8’s, Buzz Inn Steakhouse Figure 8’s and Foster Press NASCAR Mini-Stocks/Outlaw Compacts. In addition the next ten added to the original 50 best ever drivers at Evergreen Speedway will be introduced. The evenings racing and celebration will be capped off with a big post-race Reunion Mixer with Music, Beer Garden and Food with all present & past drivers/employees and fans welcome. Racing begins at 6pm with the Fan Fest at 5pm.
Reaching 60 years in operation for a race track is a tremendous feat. Evergreen Speedway is one the very few that have endured and remains open. Not only open but nationally famous. One of the top racing periodicals, Speedway Illustrated, in their latest issue named Evergreen Speedway’s $100,000.00 Summer Showdown on June 27 & 28 as one of the six must see bucket list races in the country.
Super Late Models will go for 75-laps on the 3/8-mile oval with present point leader Daniel Moore trying to keep or widen his 8-point edge. Second in points Mike Holden, with one win, matching Moore, will be after that second win as will the other winner this season Tyler Tanner who is third in points just 12-points back. Winless but in the chase for the points championship is Jason Kooy a mere 18-points behind last season’s champion Moore. Another strong field of cars is expected for Reunion Night including 2-time champion Shane Harding making his season debut as will Michael Prudnick.
The former Super Figure Eights now called the Outlaw Figure 8’s have their warm-up race for the upcoming 60-minutes of FEAR on June 14. Defending champion Ricky Dietz is the current point leader by 1-point over Mike Steltz. Two time champion Jake Repin is in the mix just 3-points in arrears.
Toby Jenkins leads the Stinger 8 point’s chase. Jenkins has two women drivers in his rear view mirror with Joselyn LaFleur and Jessica Gray in second and third respectively. This four-cylinder figure eight division is always competitive and draws a fair number of cars which makes traffic at the X quite congested.
Trenton Moriarity and Bobby DeYoung have seesawed at the top of the points list in the Mini-Stock Division. Just 2-points separate the two heading into Saturday’s races. The best seat watching those two is third in points Andrew Schukar only 11-points out of the lead. Throw in Brad Thomas who is 18-points back and the divisional title looks to be highly contested all the way through the season.
All former racers have been invited to Reunion Night and will receive two free tickets by pre-registering online. So far over 75 former racers have registered. The new additions to the top 50 to make up the top 60 will be introduced during the night’s activities. Then everyone (past & present drivers/employees and fans) is invited to stick around for the post-race mixer with music from the 60’s & 70’s, Beer Garden and Food all after the races.
For more information and or tickets go to www.evergreenspeedway.com or call 360-805-6100.
Please remember to RSVP before June 6th to reserve your tickets. Registration will be closed on the 6th. Don’t miss out. Please register below.
Saturday May 31 was another successful Family Night by Frontier Communications at Evergreen Speedway. There was fantastic weather and over 10 mascots representing many organizations. The racing had 18 year old Chad Fitzpatrick get his second win this season in his Les Schwab Tires NASCAR Street Stock. The new Super Stock Figure 8 Division winner was Quenton Borreson, his third this season. Another local division was the Interstate Batteries Hornets and Mark Hubbard picked up his third win. Three traveling series were on hand with Troy Globe winning the WMRA main, Aaron Greene winning the Pro 4 Truck feature and John Grosvenor won the FSCRA Super 4 Late Model main.
Chad Fitzpatrick, a student at Lake Stevens High School, won his second feature in the Street Stock Division. Fitzpatrick, last season Rookie of the Year in this division, has made it to victory twice in the past three races. Last season’s champion and current point leader Roger Drake, who had won four of the first six races this season, had his first DNF this season. Fitzpatrick took the lead early in the 30-lap main and was never challenged. Second place went to Joe Kneeland followed by rookie Kevin Compton. Steve Ptacek and Brent Roher battled to the line for fourth and fifth. The division has a few weeks off before they resume their chase to the championship. Back on the 3/8-mile on June 21 and on the 5/8-mile on June 27.
‘The One Armed Bandit’ Quenton Borreson won the Super Stock Figure 8 main. Borreson has been the class of this fledgling division so far this season winning three of the four races. Once in the lead Borreson drove away from his closest competitor and cruised to the win. Even though driving with one arm, Borreson makes it look easy. Second place went to Doug Delfel, with Jessie Bertino finishing third. Fourth and fifth were Chuck Widdis and John Hilburn respectively.
Mark Hubbard raced around point leader Scott Hunt with 10-laps to go in the Hornet Division main and went on to a comfortable win. Hunt finished second to maintain the point lead. Third on the road course called the Boot was Zach Bristol ahead of Cody Hoopes. Fifth went to Mike Daher.
WMRA (Washington Midget Racing Association) winner Troy Globe held off Aaron Willison in a spirited race for the lead for a majority of the 25-laps. Willison tried and tried to no avail and had to settle for second. Third went to Sawyer Lind with Skeeter Flake fourth and Bobby Bird fifth.
Aaron Greene following his son Mat who was ahead and the leader until the truck that mat was driving spun going into turn one with half of the feature to go for the Pro 4 Truck Series. Once Mat spun, dad Greene took over and went on to win the 30-lap main. Second went to Mat who after having to go to the back after the spin. Third, fourth and fifth went to Rick Shaver, Mike Tipps and Haylie Wilkinson in that order.
Early leader and looking like he would be the main event winner of the FSCRA Super 4 Late Model Series, Tom Pinkowsky was cruising when John Grosvenor finally caught and passed to take the lead and the win. Pinkowsky finished second with Jeff Jones third. Fourth went to Kayla Pittman and fifth to Andy Halbert.
Next Up: on Saturday June 7 the Genie Terex presented by NAPA Auto Parts 60th Anniversary Driver/Employee Reunion Night at the Races. The night will feature the Speedway Chevrolet NASCAR Whelen All American Series Super Late Models presented by Emerald City Harley-Davidson of Lynnwood 75 on the 3/8-mile oval. In addition the Foster Press NASCAR Mini-Stocks/Outlaw Compacts, Outlaw Figure 8’s, Buzz Inn Steak House Stinger 8’s and Renegades. Also the next 10 Evergreen Best will be added to the top 50, announced during the 50th Anniversary season, during a special presentation. After the races the area under the grandstands will be turned into a meet and greet with a beer garden, food and music of yesteryear as the celebration of the anniversary season continues. Racing at 6pm spectator gates at 4pm and fun, food and drink after.
For more information and or tickets go to www.evergreenspeedway.com or call 360-805-6100.
Evergreen Speedway May 31 Official Results:
Les Schwab Tires NASCAR Street Stocks (30-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-12 Chad Fitzpatrick 30; 2-99 Joe Kneeland 30; 3-07 Kevin Compton 30; 4-06 Steve Ptacek 30; 5-15 Brent Rohrer 30; 6-53 Darrell Lutovsky 30; 7-22 Kenny Erickson 30; 8-44 Mike Marthaller 30; 9-9 John McCourt 29; 10-17 Nikki Bristol 29; 11-10 Brian Cottrell 16; 12-85 Jim Foti 8; 13-1 Roger Drake 2
Super Stock Figure 8’s (25-laps Fig. 8) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-17 Quenton Borreson 25; 2-01 Doug Delfel 25; 3-88 Jessie Bertino 25; 4-58 Chuck Widdis 24; 5-38 John Hilburn 24; 6-95x Devin Jenkins 6; 7-28 Brian Wheeler
Interstate batteries Hornets (25-laps Boot Road Course) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-41 Mark Hubbard 25; 2-22 Scott Hunt 25; 3-07 Zach Bristol 25; 4-10x Cody Hoopes 25; 5-9 Mike Daher 25; 6-66 Mike Ridley 25; 7-1 Rick Hubbard 25; 8-12 Justin Brave 25; 9-50 Jason Wilson 24; 10-47 Bob Burks 23; 11-70 Markus Forhan 15
WMRA (Washington Midget Racing Assoc.) (25-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-11 Troy Globe 25; 2-41 Aaron Willison 25; 3-9 Sawyer Lind 25; 4-55 Skeeter Flake 22; 5-7 Bobby Bird 7; 6-4 Kris McKenzie 0
Pro 4 Truck Series (30-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-6 Aaron Greene 30; 2-7 Mat Greene 30; 3-43 Rick Shaver 30; 4-85 Mike Tipps 30; 5-35 Haylie Wilkinson 30; 6-27 Kimmi Wilkinson 28; 7-62 Cecil Howard 25; 8-26 Nic Nicholson Jr. 15
FSCRA Super 4 Late Models (30-laps 3/8-mile oval) (position, car #, name, laps completed): 1-10 John Grosvenor 30; 2-35x Tom Pinkowsky 30; 3-17 Jeff Jones 30; 4-19 Kayla Pittman 30; 5-55 Andy Halbert 30; 6-00 Mike Miller 29; 7-11 Bob Quarterman 28; 8-4 Stan Straker 17